China went to the WTO in 2012 to challenge anti-subsidy tariffs the US imposed between 2008 and 2012, mainly during the term of US president Barack Obama, on 22 Chinese products ranging from solar panels to steel wire.
The decade-long case involving alleged subsidies has centred on whether the US could treat Chinese firms in which the government owns a majority stake as controlled by the state.
The US, which has argued that China benefits from easier treatment at the WTO while subsidising manufactured goods and dumping them on world markets, said the decision underscored the need to reform WTO rules that had been used to “shield China’s non-market economic practices and undermine fair, market-oriented competition”.
The deeply disappointing decision by the WTO arbitrator reflects erroneous Appellate Body interpretations that damage the ability of WTO members to defend our workers and businesses from China’s trade-distorting subsidies.-
“The deeply disappointing decision by the WTO arbitrator reflects erroneous Appellate Body interpretations that damage the ability of WTO members to defend our workers and businesses from China’s trade-distorting subsidies,” Adam Hodge, spokesman for the US Trade Representative’s Office, said in a statement.
China had initially asked the three-person WTO panel to award it the right to impose tariffs on US$2.4 billion of US goods.
The actual award is dwarfed by US tariffs on more than US$300 billion of Chinese goods imposed by former US president Donald Trump, most of which are still in place.
However, the ruling is another symbolic victory for Beijing at the Geneva-based trade body. In November 2019, the WTO awarded China the right to retaliatory tariffs of US$3.58 billion after finding fault with the way Washington determined whether Chinese products are being dumped on the US market.
China Macro Economy-https://www.scmp.com/economy/global-economy/article/3164955/china-tells-us-stop-looking-excuses-correct-trade?utm_medium=email&utm_source=cm&utm_campaign=enlz-today_international&utm_content=20220127&tpcc=enlz-today_international&UUID=01011a9a-399a-4710-abaf-0f83b00c062d&next_article_id=3164945&article_id_list=3164934,3164903,3164901,3164955,3164945,3164941,3164946,3164915&tc=21&CMCampaignID=4718959380e97728a5732f80b1d4eac0